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  1. New Books 1 item
    • This reading lists starts with key texts useful for the course as a whole, followed by readings for each week with links to the essential chapters and articles you need. After all the weekly sections, there is a list of recommended journals and then items by topic which are recommended for assignments.
    • Use the Table of Contents to get to sections quickly.

  2. Recommended General Course Reading 10 items
    For a useful overview of the politics of Latin America and theories & practice of democratization, the following are highly recommended:
    1. Hellinger, D. Comparative Politics of Latin America 5 items
        • The library has both the 1st and 2nd editions of this book as print and e-books. Using either edition or version is acceptable for this unit, so if you can't get into the 2nd edition, try the 1st edition. Alternative page and chapter references are shown throughout this reading list.

      1. Comparative politics of Latin America: democracy at last? - Daniel Hellinger 2015

        Book 

      2. Comparative politics of Latin America: democracy at last? - Hellinger, Daniel, ebrary, Inc 2011 (electronic resource)

        Book 

      3. Comparative politics of Latin America : democracy at last? - Hellinger, Daniel 2011

        Book 

    2. The third wave of democratization in Latin America: advances and setbacks - Hagopian, Frances, Mainwaring, Scott, MyiLibrary 2005 (electronic resource)

      Book  Electronic resource

    3. The third wave of democratization in Latin America: advances and setbacks - Hagopian, Frances, Mainwaring, Scott 2005

      Book 

    4. Democratization - Potter, David 1997

      Book 

    5. Democracy in Latin America: political change in comparative perspective - Peter H. Smith, Cameron J. Sells 2017

      Book  Earlier editions available

    6. Dictatorship in South America - Jerry Dávila, ebrary, Inc 2013 (electronic resource)

      Book  Contains useful overviews as well as chapters looking at the cases of Brazil, Argentina and Chile

  3. Week 1: Introduction and Theoretical Approaches to Democratisation in Latin America 3 items
    1. Supplementary Reading 3 items
        • Week by week, you should be aiming to read at least one of the supplementary readings in order to reinforce the topic covered in the lecture and explore things in more depth in your own time.

      1. Comparative politics of Latin America: democracy at last? (electronic resource) - Daniel Hellinger 2015

        Book  Read Chapter 1: Conceptions of Democracy (if using the 2011 first edition, read Chapter 1 too)

      2. Democratization - David Potter 1997

        Book  Read Chapter 1: Explaining Democratization

  4. Week 2: Why Early Democratisation Failed 9 items
    1. Essential Seminar Reading: How can we account for the development of democracy in Latin America? 3 items
      1. Based on a reading of the article, come prepared to discuss and answer the following questions

      2. Democratic Institutions

        1)      In the article, the author discusses some basic requirements of democracy. He adopts Larry Diamond's definition that requires at least universal adult suffrage; recurring free, competitive and fair elections; more than one serious political party; alternative sources of information.

        ·         To what extent have these basic requirements been met across the region?

        ·         In what respects is the quality of democracy in Latin America weak and why might this be the case? 

         

        Democratic Culture & Values

        2)      How has democracy been perceived since the mid-1990s by the Latin American people?

        ·         Do Latin Americans have the political systems that they deserve?  

         

        3)      The author proposes that the particular kind of democracy and the value system prevalent in Latin America today is shaped by historical forces dating back to the period of colonisation.

        Critique this view and highlight the strengths & weaknesses of his argument.

    2. Supplementary Reading 6 items
      1. Comparative politics of Latin America: democracy at last? (electronic resource) - Daniel Hellinger 2015

        Book  Chapter 5: Populism, Development and Democracy in the 20th Century; Chapter 7: Democratic Breakdown and Military Rule.

        • If using the 2011 first edition, you will need Chapter 6 Populism, Development and Democracy in the 20th Century; Chapter 7 Democratic Breakdown and Military Rule; pp140-189 (see especially pp169-189)

      2. Comparative politics of Latin America: democracy at last? - Daniel Hellinger 2015

        Book  Chapter 5: Populism, Development and Democracy in the 20th Century; Chapter 7: Democratic Breakdown and Military Rule.

      3. Democratization - David Potter 1997

        Book  Read Chapter 6: Democracy and Dictatorship in Latin America, 1930-80

      4. For Cuba and Guatemala covered in this week's lecture, see: 2 items
        1. Comparative politics of Latin America: democracy at last? (electronic resource) - Daniel Hellinger 2015

          Book  pp. 283-289 & pp. 306-308 (in 2011, first edition see pp. 294-306)

        2. Comparative politics of Latin America: democracy at last? - Daniel Hellinger 2015

          Book  pp. 283-289 & pp. 306-308 (in 2011, first edition see pp. 294-306)

  5. Week 3: US intervention in Central America & Caribbean: In defence of democracy? 11 items
    1. Essential Seminar Reading 4 items
      1. Comparative politics of Latin America: democracy at last? (electronic resource) - Daniel Hellinger 2015

        Book  Read Chapter 7 Democratic Breakdown and Military Rule (same chapter in 2011 first edition)

      2. Comparative politics of Latin America: democracy at last? - Daniel Hellinger 2015

        Book  Read Chapter 7 Democratic Breakdown and Military Rule (same chapter in 2011 first edition)

      3. Come to class ready to discuss the following questions based on your reading:

      4. 1) Focusing on the case studies of Argentina, Brazil and Chile: What are the key factors that these countries have in common in explaining the "breakdown" of politics and the turn to military regimes?  And what are the differences?

        2) In what ways is Costa Rica an exception in Latin America, and why?

    2. Supplementary Reading 7 items
      1. Comparative politics of Latin America: democracy at last? (electronic resource) - Daniel Hellinger 2015

        Book  Read Chapter 16: No ones’ “backyard” anymore

      2. Comparative politics of Latin America: democracy at last? - Daniel Hellinger 2015

        Book  Read Chapter 16: No ones’ “backyard” anymore

      3. Organisation men at bay - Gott, Richard June 20, 1973

        Article  This article reflects on the future of the Organisation of American States - from the perspective of 1973

      4. The War On Democracy | Vimeo - John Pilger November 11, 2010

        Audio-visual document  Full version of the documentary film about US intervention in Latin America that was mentioned in today's lecture.

  6. Week 4: US Intervention in the Southern Cone: From the Alliance for Progress to Operation Condor 14 items
    1. Essential Seminar Reading 3 items
      1. Useful brief background reading on the US intervention in Chile 2 items
        1. Comparative politics of Latin America: democracy at last? (electronic resource) - Daniel Hellinger 2015

          Book  Read pp. 502-503 (or 2011 1st edition, pp. 530-532)

        2. Comparative politics of Latin America: democracy at last? - Daniel Hellinger 2015

          Book  Read pp. 502-503 (or 2011 1st edition, pp. 530-532)

    2. Supplementary Reading 11 items
      1. The Alliance That Lost Its Way: A Critical Report on the Alliance for Progress - Jerome Levinson, Juan de Onis

        Chapter  An acclaimed critical analysis

      2. Tracing the shadows of 'Operation Condor' | Al Jazeera 2013

        Audio-visual document  A coordinated campaign to kill political dissidents across Latin America in the 1970s, all with the knowledge of the US, resulted in one of Latin America's darkest periods.

      3. Chileans Confront Their Own 9/11 | The Nation - Peter Kornbluh September 4, 2013

        Webpage  Peter Kornbluh, Director of the Chile Documentation Project at the US National Security Archive, reflects on the 40th anniversary of the 1973 coup in Chile and how upcoming Presidential elections in the country have revived debates about the Pinochet dictatorship - and Washington's role in it.

      4. The War On Democracy | Vimeo - John Pilger November 11, 2010

        Audio-visual document  The full version of this documentary was in the recommendations for week 3. This week only the section about Allende, Chile's Coup and the United States is recommended.

      5. Reagan and Pinochet: the struggle over U.S. policy toward Chile - Morris H. Morley, Chris McGillion 2015

        Book 

  7. Week 5: The Military in Power 7 items
    1. Essential Seminar Reading 4 items
      1. Explore: Argentina’s Dirty War Thursday, 29 Jan 2009

        Audio-visual document  This week's seminar will be based on a discussion of a video about the Dirty War in Argentina (25min; we will watch this in class but you may also want to watch the video in advance - you will need to log in by naming your institution as 'Portsmouth University')

      2. Comparative politics of Latin America: democracy at last? (electronic resource) - Daniel Hellinger 2015

        Book  In preparation for the seminar read pp. 212-225 (1st ed., pp. 190-206) - you should already have read the brief section on Costa Rica for the seminar in week 3.

        • You may also find it useful to refresh your background on the breakdown of democracy in Argentina and the Dirty War in Hellinger (1st ed. pp. 182-184; OR 2nd ed. pp. 205-207).

      3. Comparative politics of Latin America: democracy at last? - Daniel Hellinger 2015

        Book  In preparation for the seminar read pp. 212-225 (1st ed. pp. 190-206) - you should already have read the brief section on Costa Rica for the seminar in week 3.

    2. Supplementary Reading 3 items
      1. The Politics of antipolitics: the military in Latin America - Brian Loveman, Thomas M. Davies 1997

        Book  Read Chapter 1, plus choose one of the case studies from part VI for a detailed look at the policies and consequences of military rule in a country of your choice.

      2. Democracy in Latin America: political change in comparative perspective - Peter H. Smith, Cameron J. Sells 2017

        Book  Read Chapter 3: The Military: Heading for the Exits?

  8. Week 6: The Politics of Exile 6 items
    1. Essential Seminar Reading 1 item
      1. Group Presentation 1 item
        1. You have been given a speech/policy statement by the military in either Chile, Argentina or Brazil.  Using this, and any of your wider reading, you should put together a presentation with your group (approx.10mins) that outlines:

          • What rationale does the military provide for its rule in your country?
          • What kinds of policy initiatives are discussed by the military, and how are these justified?

    2. Supplementary Reading 5 items
      1. Political Exile in Latin America - Mario Sznajder, Luis Roniger 2007

        Article 

      2. Chilean Political Exile - Thomas C. Wright, Rody Oñate Zúñiga 2007

        Article 

      3. Chile SCDA - The website of the Chilean Community in South Yorkshire

        Webpage  The Sheffield and Rotherham area is the home of an important number of Chileans. Until 1973 there were only a few Latin American residents in the region. The military coup led by General Augusto Pinochet on 11th September 1973 against the democratically elected government of Salvador Allende resulted in the exile of more than one million Chileans. Both Sheffield and Rotherham accepted a considerable number of these exiles: the third largest intake in the UK after London and Manchester. On this website you can read about the experiences of and events organised by those who arrived as exiles from Chile in South Yorkshire after the coup in 1973. [website is in a combination of English and Spanish]

      4. Latin America’s Schindler: a forgotten hero of the 20th century | The Guardian - Ewen MacAskill, Jonathan Franklin December 14, 2016

        Webpage  Under General Pinochet’s rule of terror in Chile, one man saved thousands of people from the dictator’s brutal secret police. How did Roberto Kozak do it – and escape death?

  9. Week 7: Case Studies in Transition From the Southern Cone 5 items
    1. Essential Seminar Reading 2 items
      1. Continuity or Change? Civil-Military Relations in Democratic Argentina, Chile, and Peru - Wendy Hunter 1997

        Article  This article considers competing theories about the extent to which the military have remained influential in the transition to electoral democracy in Latin America. It contains detailed case studies of Argentina, Peru and Chile.

      2. 1)      Briefly outline the 'modes-of-transition' perspective and the 'electoral dynamic' perspective in accounting for the role of the military in post-transition Latin America.

        2)      What do the 3 case studies in the article tell us about the merits of these perspectives?

          • Chile
          • Argentina
          • Peru

    2. Supplementary Reading 3 items
      1. Comparative politics of Latin America: democracy at last? (electronic resource) - Daniel Hellinger 2015

        Book  Read Chapter 8 (1st ed. Chapter 9): Transitions and ‘Pacted’ Democracies in Brazil and the Southern Cone

      2. Comparative politics of Latin America: democracy at last? - Daniel Hellinger 2015

        Book  Read Chapter 8 (1st ed. Chapter 9): Transitions and ‘Pacted’ Democracies in Brazil and the Southern Cone

  10. Week 8: Human Rights and the Legacy of Authoritarianism 20 items
    1. Essential Seminar Reading 2 items
      1. Have a go at answering these questions:

        1)      What does Sikkink mean by the idea of the 'justice cascade'?

        2)      What are some of the innovations in the field of human rights that were developed in Argentina in the following periods:

        Phase 1: The Military Regime (1976-1983)

        Phase 2: The Alfonsin government (1983-1989)

        Phase 3: 1989-present

         

        3)      What explains this relatively high level of activity in Argentina?

    2. Supplementary Reading 18 items
      1. Amnesty No Longer - Gavin O'Toole

        Chapter  See pp209-210 for a useful brief overview of the issue of amnesty and democratisation, with reference to a number of cases from Latin America

      2. Politics Latin America - Gavin O'Toole 2018

        Book  Read pages 209-210 "Amnesty No Longer"

      3. Rescuing the memory of Latin America - Al Jazeera - Manuela Picq June 7, 2013

        Webpage  On the ongoing search for truth and memory in Latin America.

      4. Facing the truth about Brazil's dark past - Al Jazeera - Renan Quinalha December 24, 2014

        Webpage  The recent release of a truth commission report in December 2014 reveals that Brazil still struggles with the legacy of a violent past. Renan Quinalha is a lawyer at the Truth Commission of Sao Paulo.

      5. ‘The model is Argentina, not South Africa’ | Buenos Aires Herald - Luciana Bertoia October 19, 2014

        Webpage  Interview with Kathryn Sikkink, an expert on the pursuit of justice for human rights abuses during the military junta of Argentina (1976-1983)

      6. Pinochet-era secret police chief’s sentence now 505 years in Chilean jail | The Guardian May 21, 2015

        Webpage  Manuel Contreras, who ran torture centres in which hundreds were killed, and who was already serving 490-year sentence, given additional 15 years’ jail.

      7. Argentina: Paying for the sins of the past - Al Jazeera July 7, 2012

        Webpage  Video looks at the recent convictions of those involved in baby abductions from political prisoners, and goes on to consider wider questions about the pursuit of justice in Argentina and beyond as part of the transition to democracy.

      8. Guatemala: Struggling for justice - Al Jazeera January 18, 2013

        Webpage  Former military leader Rios Montt is facing trial for crimes against humanity committed during the civil war. After watching this video, make sure you bring the story up to date by reading the next article.

      9. All the President's Torturers - Al Jazeera April 18, 2013

        Webpage  Reflections on the establishment of the Truth Commission in Brazil in 2012. Can the country shake off the murky past of its security forces as it attempts to cement its place as a 21st century power?

      10. El Salvador: Quest for Justice - Al Jazeera August 22, 2013

        Webpage  More than 20 years after the end of El Salvador's brutal civil war, its legacy of pain and misery still lingers. Until now, an amnesty has shielded from prosecution those suspected of atrocities. But the discovery of a secret directory of death squad targets has given campaigners hope that the guilty can at last be held accountable. This edition of People & Power investigates how evidence of atrocities committed by government forces during the civil war sparked efforts to overturn the amnesty laws.

      11. Argentinian grandmother found by kidnapped grandson - video | The Guardian August 6, 2014

        Webpage  Estela Carlotto, president of activist group Grandmothers of Plaza de Mayo is reunited with her grandson, who was taken from her family 36 years ago by agents of the country's right-wing dictatorship.

  11. Week 9: Grassroots Democratisation and the Role of Civil Society 8 items
    1. Supplementary reading 8 items
      1. Comparative politics of Latin America: democracy at last? (electronic resource) - Daniel Hellinger 2015

        Book  Read Chapter 11 (13 & 14 in 2011, 1st ed.) - Chapter 8 (9 in 2011, 1st ed), which focuses on the transitions in the Southern Cone and Brazil, is also useful for considering the roles played by social movements during the transitions

      2. Comparative politics of Latin America: democracy at last? - Daniel Hellinger 2015

        Book  Read Chapter 11 (13 & 14 in 2011, 1st ed.) - Chapter 8 (9 in 2011, 1st ed), which focuses on the transitions in the Southern Cone and Brazil, is also useful for considering the roles played by social movements during the transitions

      3. The making of social movements in Latin America: identity, strategy and democracy - Arturo Escobar, Sonia E. Alvarez 1992

        Book 

      4. History did not end - Brazilian Landless Workers' Movement 31/5/2012

        Audio-visual document  Video looking at the Landless Worker's Movement in Brazil: its agenda, the issue of land reform, and the way that the process of land reform has progressed but also been frustrated by the democratic process.

      5. Further reading and material on participatory democracy 4 items
        1. Participatory Budgeting in Europe: Potentials and Challenges - Yves Sintomer, Carsten Herzberg, Anja Rocke 2008

          Article  This looks at the way that Participatory Budgeting emerged in Porto Alegre (Brazil) around the time of the democratic transition, and then looks at how it has spread and been adapted around the world.

        2. Re-evaluating Participatory Governance in Brazil - Bernhard Leubolt, Wagner Romao, Joachim Becker, Andreas Novy

          Chapter 

        3. Beyond Elections - Michael Fox, Silvia Leindecker 2008

          Audio-visual document 

  12. Week 10: The International Dimension of Democratisation (Part I) 3 items
    1. Seminar 1 item
        • Seminars this week are an opportunity to gain guidance and support towards the historical context/individual write-up which is due in Week 12.  Please come prepared with your ideas, thoughts, questions, any drafts you might have started to work on, etc.

    2. Supplementary Reading 2 items
      1. Comparative politics of Latin America: democracy at last? (electronic resource) - Daniel Hellinger 2015

        Book  Read Chapter 15 (18 in 2011, 1st edition): Democracy in Times of Globalisation. Chapter 8 in the 2011 1st ed. is also useful background on neoliberalism and the debt crisis in Latin America

      2. Comparative politics of Latin America: democracy at last? - Daniel Hellinger 2015

        Book  Read Chapter 15 (18 in 2011, 1st edition): Democracy in Times of Globalisation. Chapter 8 in the 2011 1st ed. is also useful background on neoliberalism and the debt crisis in Latin America

  13. Week 11: The International Dimensions of Democratisation (Part II) 10 items
    1. Essential Seminar Reading 2 items
      1. In this week's seminar, we consider one of the major issues facing Latin American societies after the return to democracy: to what extent has neoliberalism - the package of market-based economic reforms that came to dominate Latin America in the 1980s and 1990s - strengthened or weakened democratic politics?

        Please read the article by Weyland above and prepare answers to the following questions.

        1. Why might neoliberalism be seen as a threat to democracy?
        2. Consider Weyland's analyses of the following points:
          1. Why has neoliberalism not destroyed democracy?
          2. How has neoliberalism strengthened the external protection of democracy?
          3. How has neoliberalism weakened internal threats to democracy?
          4. How has neoliberalism tightened external constraints on democratic quality?
          5. How has neoliberalism weakened the organisational structure of democracy?
          6. What is the relationship between neoliberalism and neopopulism and how does this affect the quality of democracy?
          7. What does Weyland point out regarding the "inverse relationship between democratic stability and democratic quality"?

    2. Supplementary Reading 8 items
        • The supplementary reading for Week 3 is useful as background reading for this week's lecture. You can also consult the extended reading thematic sections further on in this list.

      1. Confronting Hugo Chávez: United States "Democracy Promotion" in Latin America - Christopher I. Clement 2005

        Article  Article covers the broad context of US democracy promotion in Latin America since the 1980s, as well as a detailed case study of NED efforts in Venezuela under Hugo Chavez

      2. Rogue state: a guide to the world's only superpower - William Blum 2006

        Book  Read: Trojan Horse: The National Endowment for Democracy. Blum, a former employee of the US State Department and historian of the CIA, argues that the NED is "an organisation which often does exactly the opposite of what its name implies."

      3. Turning a page: Latin America and the US - Al Jazeera July 28, 2013

        Webpage  July 2013 episode of Empire, discussing the contemporary state of LA-US relations.

      4. Viva la Evolucion - Part 1 - Al Jazeera 30/7/2009

        Audio-visual document  An episode of the discussion series "Empire" that looks at the contemporary state of North-South relations in the Americas. Discussants question the extent and potential impact of the change promised by Obama, analyse the alternative political model posed by Hugo Chavez, and ask whether President Lula da Silva of Brazil is another counter-point for the region.

      5. Americas: OAS Strengthened by Response to Venezuelan Coup | Inter Press Service April 17, 2002

        Webpage  An article which reflects on how the brief coup that took place in Venezuela in April 2002 presented a "trial by fire" for the OAS's Inter-American Democratic Charter, which had been approved in September 2001.

  14. Week 12: Open Topic (this week is left free to consider recent and contemporary events on the continent) 0 items
    See Moodle for material and seminar instructions this week
  15. Week 13: Democracy in LA from 1990 - An analysis based on Latinobarometro survey data 4 items
    1. Essential Seminar Reading 2 items
        1. What are the characteristics of liberal democracy, as discussed in this article?
        2. What are the characteristics of illiberal democracy, as discussed in this article?
        3. What were the key findings of the research with reference to thenature of democracy across the region following the transitions from military rule?
        4. Which political, economic and social factors promoted a move towards liberal democracy and which did not? Was this what the authors expected?
        5. Comment on the article in terms of :
        • Clarity of the argument
        • Use of evidence to support points and underpin ideas.
        • Structure and organisation of material.

    2. Supplementary Reading 2 items
      1. Democracy in Latin America: political change in comparative perspective - Peter H. Smith, Cameron J. Sells 2017

        Book  Read Chapter 11 - The People’s Verdict | previous editions also available

      2. Latinobarómetro

        Webpage  N.B. Look for the English tab at the top. This is an annual public opinion survey that involves some 20,000 interviews in 18 Latin American countries, representing more than 600 million inhabitants. Latinobarómetro Corporation is a non-profit NGO based in Santiago, Chile, and is solely responsible for the production and publication of the data. Latinobarómetro Corporation researches the development of democracy and economies as well as societies, using indicators of opinion, attitudes, behaviour and values. Its results are used by social and political actors, international organizations, governments and the media.

  16. Week 14: Civilian Governments and Authoritarianism: Peru 16 items
    1. Essential Seminar Reading 2 items
      1. 1. Identify the main points in the electoral campaigns of the 2 candidates that got through to the 2nd round in 2011:

        • Keiko Fujimori
        • Ollanta Humala

        2. How does Sanchez-Sibony explain the "apparent paradox" of widespread dissatisfication with politics in Peru?

    2. Supplementary Reading 14 items
      1. The third wave of democratization in Latin America: advances and setbacks - Frances Hagopian, Scott Mainwaring, MyiLibrary 2005 (electronic resource)

        Book  Read Chapter 9

      2. The third wave of democratization in Latin America: advances and setbacks - Frances Hagopian, Scott Mainwaring 2005

        Book  Read Chapter 9

      3. Fall of Fujimori

        Website  Documentary study of the former President of Peru, Alberto Fujimori.

      4. Forced Sterilisation 5 items
        1. A Woman's Womb

          Audio-visual document  Documentary (56mins) exploring the allegations of instances of forced sterilisation in the 1990s.

        2. Peruvian women intent on bringing state to book over forced sterilisations | The Guardian - Dan Collyns March 14, 2014

          Webpage  This issue has been the subject of a very controversial legal case in Peru since 2003

        3. The Quipu Project

          Webpage  You may also be interested to read about this interactive oral history project which has so far documented the testimonies of 130 women who claim to have been forcibly sterilised in the 1990s.

      5. Peru's cocaine war: Traffickers vs farmers - Al Jazeera December 21, 2011

        Audio-visual document  The government is getting tough on traffickers and encouraging farmers to plant alternative crops, but will it work? 'Inside Story Americas' discusses with guests: Luis Del Valle, a journalist and filmmaker; Kevin Casas-Zamora, the former vice president of Costa Rica; and Sanho Tree, the director for the Drug Policy Project at the Institute for Policy Studies and an expert on the 'war on drugs'.

      6. Peru's indigenous people: from García to Humala their battle goes on | The Guardian - Mattia Cabitza June 5, 2012

        Webpage  A story we will return to later in the unit when looking at racial inequalities

  17. Week 15: Marketing Democracy 3 items
      • See Moodle for the election pamphlets used in the seminar this week - no advance preparation needed

    1. Marketing democracy : power and social movements in post-dictatorship Chile - Julia Paley 2001

      Book  Read Chapter 4

  18. Week 16: The Re-emergence of the Left 20 items
    1. Essential Seminar Reading 3 items
      1. Democracy and the left: social policy and inequality in Latin America - Evelyne Huber, John D. Stephens 2012 (electronic resource)

        Book 

        • According to Ellner, what are some of the distinguishing features of Latin America's "New Left" in power?
        • To what extent does the political model embraced by the three governments represent a break with the socialism of the past?

        • How do the Chavez, Morales and Correa governments compare with other left-wing governments in the region (eg the Communist govt of Cuba, the Kirchner govt of Argentina...)
        • In your view, how radical are these experiments in "radical democracy"?

    2. Supplementary Reading 17 items
      1. Latin America's Left Turn - Jorge Castañeda 2006

        Article  Castaneda's argument about the "good left" and the "bad left" in Latin America

      2. Hugo Chavez: Democrat or Demogogue? 2 items
        2 very different portraits of Hugo Chavez:
      3. Latin America’s integration: its dynamics and politics | openDemocracy - Francisco Dominguez August 31, 2015

        Webpage  Gives an overview of the ALBA, UNASUR and CELAC initiatives, which have all reflected the new left's vision of a more unified, progressive and independent Latin America

      4. Alvaro Vargas Llosa on the Latin American Left 9/9/2008

        Audio-visual document  Discussion between Ariel Dorfman (Chile) & Alvaro Vargas Llosa (Peru) on the end of the Washington Consensus, the perception of the US under Bush, and the re-emergence of the Left in Latin America. First broadcast in 2005.

      5. Think there's no alternative? Latin America has a few | The Guardian - Seumas Milne February 19, 2013

        Webpage  "Not only have leaders from Ecuador to Venezuela delivered huge social gains – they keep winning elections too" Article argues that the "left turn" in Latin America could teach the developed world a thing or two about democracy

      6. After Chávez: there are many flavours to the left in Latin America | The Guardian - Hector Abad March 10, 2013

        Webpage  "To speak of 'the left' in Latin America, post-Chávez, makes no sense. It has the same nuanced complexity as the continent"

      7. The rise of ethnic politics in Latin America - Raúl L. Madrid 2012

        Book 

  19. Week 17: Democratisation, Social Inequality & the Persistence of Violence 8 items
    1. Essential Seminar Reading 2 items
      1. Buvinic and Roza (2004) begin by noting that Latin America has seen a visible trend towards the "feminisation of politics" in recent years, measured by gains of more than 50% in the number of women in government in the decade prior to the publication of their paper.

         

        The authors attempt to lay out why this is so, whether the trend is likely to continue, and what does it all mean for the future conduct of democracy in Latin America.

        1. Why?
        2. Is the trend likely to continue?  If so, why?
        3. What does all this mean for the future conduct of democracy in Latin America?

    2. Supplementary Reading 6 items
      1. Stamping Out Violence to Make Room for Growth - Pedro Abramovay January 22, 2015

        Webpage  On a programme in Brazil that has led to some quite dramatic reductions in homicide rates. Should something similar be incorporated into the new set of Millennium Development Goals?

      2. Human Development Report for Latin America 2013-2014 | UNDP - United Nations Development Programme

        Webpage  The Regional Human Development Report 2013-14 for Latin America maps the problems of crime and violence in the region, and offers important recommendations for improving public policies on citizen security. The report builds on UNDP’s Central America Human Development Report launched in 2009, and the Caribbean Human Development Report of 2012. This report analyzes the phenomenon of citizen security in-depth, studying successful experiences, and proposing concrete recommendations for improvements.

  20. Week 18: Gender and Democratisation 9 items
      • Seminars this week are a chance for your group to prepare your presentation

    1. Supplementary Reading 8 items
      1. Feminist agendas and democracy in Latin America - Jane S. Jaquette, ebrary, Inc 2009 (electronic resource)

        Book  The introduction to this book gives a very useful overview of issues related to women's movements and democracy in Latin America

      2. Women Ministers in Latin American Government: When, Where, and Why? - Maria Escobar-Lemmon, Michelle M. Taylor-Robinson 2005

        Article 

      3. Ruling the Womb: the Sexual and Reproductive Struggle During the Bachelet Administration - Alejandra Brito Peña, Beatriz E. Cid Aguayo, Carla Donoso Orellana 2012

        Article 

      4. How Argentina rose up against the murder of women | The Guardian - Hinde Pomeraniec June 8, 2015

        Article  Thousands of people took to the streets last week to protest against gender violence. One of the organisers explains how the #NiUnaMenos movement began

      5. Argentina's women joined across South America in marches against violence | The Guardian - Uki Goni October 20, 2016

        Article  NiUnaMenos demonstrations spurred by rape and killing of 16-year-old Lucía Pérez as thousands of protesters call for action on crimes against women

  21. Week 19: Racial Inequalities and Democratisation 21 items
    1. Essential Seminar Reading 16 items
      1. Video regarding the promotion of democratic consensus building in the Peruvian Amazon 1 item
        We will watch this video in class
        1. Ley Consulta Previa, Amazonas, Peru - IDEA Internacional September 21, 2012

          Audio-visual document 

        • Please prepare by using the short articles here to inform yourself of some of the issues regarding prior consultation in the Amazon: what is it, why has it been introduced, how effective do you feel it is likely to be and why?

      2. Trade Agreement Kills Amazon Indians - Laura Carlsen June 18, 2009

        Webpage  Article puts the recent conflicts involving indigenous peoples in the Peruvian Amazon in the context of the US-Peru Free Trade Agreement

      3. Black in Latin America. Brazil: A Racial Paradise 24/6/2011

        Audio-visual document  Video looks at the legacies of slavery in Brazil and addresses questions of racial difference and racial democracy in the country

      4. Too black for Brazil | Guardian Docs 9/2/2016

        Audio-visual document  Documentary exploring the experiences of black carnival queen Nayara Justino

      5. How Peru excludes indigenous voices in its quest to develop the Amazon - Adrian Gonzalez February 8, 2018 2.54pm GMTFebruary 8, 2018 2.54pm GMT

        Article 

    2. Supplementary Reading 5 items
      1. Comparative politics of Latin America: democracy at last? - Daniel Hellinger, ebrary, Inc 2011 (electronic resource)

        Book  Read pages 69-89 and 373-379

      2. Comparative politics of Latin America: democracy at last? - Daniel Hellinger 2015

        Book  Read pages 76-103 and 347-351

      3. The rise of ethnic politics in Latin America - Raúl L. Madrid 2012

        Book  See especially Chapter 1

      4. Race and nation in modern Latin America - Nancy P. Appelbaum, Anne S. Macpherson, Karin Alejandra Rosemblatt, ebrary, Inc c2003 (electronic resource)

        Book 

  22. Week 20: Colombia: Democracy or War System? 17 items
    1. Supplementary Reading 17 items
      1. The third wave of democratization in Latin America: advances and setbacks - Frances Hagopian, Scott Mainwaring, MyiLibrary 2005 (electronic resource)

        Book  Read Chapter 8

      2. The third wave of democratization in Latin America: advances and setbacks - Frances Hagopian, Scott Mainwaring 2005

        Book  Read Chapter 8

      3. Comparative politics of Latin America: democracy at last? (electronic resource) - Daniel Hellinger 2015

        Book  For a brief but useful overview of the Colombian civil war, see pages 310-312

      4. Comparative politics of Latin America: democracy at last? - Daniel Hellinger 2015

        Book  For a brief but useful overview of the Colombian civil war, see pages 310-312

      5. Comparative politics of Latin America: democracy at last? - Daniel Hellinger, ebrary, Inc 2011 (electronic resource)

        Book  For a brief but useful overview of the Colombian civil war, see pages 334-336

      6. Colombia: The end game | Al Jazeera 28/12/2014

        Webpage  Very good 2 part video that looks at the negotiations in Colombia

      7. Juan Manuel Santos: Finding peace with FARC | Al Jazeera 15/9/2012

        Webpage  Interview with the President of Colombia regarding peace talks

  23. Week 21: Mexico: A Long and Problematic Transition 14 items
    1. Supplementary Reading 14 items
      1. Comparative politics of Latin America: democracy at last? - Daniel Hellinger 2015

        Book  Read pages 253-268

      2. Comparative politics of Latin America: democracy at last? - Daniel Hellinger, ebrary, Inc 2011 (electronic resource)

        Book  Read pages 259-269 and 285-294

      3. The third wave of democratization in Latin America: advances and setbacks - Frances Hagopian, Scott Mainwaring, MyiLibrary 2005 (electronic resource)

        Book  Read Chapter 4

      4. Mexico's 2012 elections: the return of the PRI - G. Flores-Macias 2013

        Article  In Second Floor Journals

      5. Mexico's Disappeared | Al Jazeera 26/2/2015

        Webpage  Chilling video that looks at the recent spate of thousands of "disappearances" in Mexico. Who is responsible, why is so little being done to investigate it, and what have been the responses of the families of those that have disappeared?

      6. Mexico: democracy interrupted - Jo Tuckman, ebrary, Inc c2012 (electronic resource)

        Book 

      7. Mexico: democracy interrupted - Jo Tuckman 2012

        Book 

  24. Week 22: On the Road to... Somewhere. Cuba from Fidel to Raul. 5 items
    1. Cuba and its neighbours: democracy in motion - Arnold August 2013

      Book 

    2. Comparative politics of Latin America: democracy at last? - Daniel Hellinger, ebrary, Inc 2011 (electronic resource)

      Book  Read pages 296-311

    3. Comparative politics of Latin America: democracy at last? - Daniel Hellinger 2015

      Book  Read pages 283-296

  25. Bibliography 267 items
    The following bibliography is for a select group of countries/topics – if you want advice on reading for other particular countries/topics, please ask!
    1. Relevant Journals 7 items
      1. Bulletin of Latin American research (electronic resource)

        Journal  Available electronically from 1996 to present | Print copies available from 1981 to 2003

      2. Latin American perspectives (electronic resource)

        Journal  Available electronically from 1974 to present | Print copies available from 1974 to 2013

      3. Latin American politics and society - University of Miami (electronic resource)

        Journal  Available electronically from 2001 to present | Print copies available from 2001 to 2009

      4. Journal of inter-American studies and world affairs - University of Miami (electronic resource)

        Journal  Available electronically from 1970 to 2000 | Print copies available from 1979 to 1983 / 1993 to 2000

      5. Journal of Latin American studies (electronic resource)

        Journal  Available electronically from 1969 to present | Print copies available from 1969 to 2003

      6. Democratization (electronic resource)

        Journal  Available electronically from 1997 to present | Print copies available from 1994 to present

      7. Third world quarterly: journal of emerging areas (electronic resource)

        Journal  Available electronically from 1995 to present | Print copies available from 1983 to present

    2. On Democracy & Democratization in Latin America 28 items
      1. Democratic Latin America - Arceneaux, Craig L. 2013

        Book 

      2. In the wake of war: democratization and internal armed conflict in Latin America - Cynthia Arnson 2012

        Book 

      3. Democracy in Latin America: patterns and cycles - Camp, Roderic Ai 1996

        Book 

      4. The new politics of inequality in Latin America: rethinking participation and representation - Chalmers, Douglas A. 1997

        Book 

      5. Polyarchy: participation and opposition - Dahl, Robert A. 1971

        Book 

      6. Latin America's struggle for democracy - Diamond, Larry Jay, Plattner, Marc F., Abente Brun, Diego 2008

        Book 

      7. Democracy in developing countries: Latin America - Diamond, Larry 1999

        Book  Earlier edition available

      8. Constructing democratic governance in Latin America - Domínguez, Jorge I., Shifter, Michael 2003

        Book 

      9. Between tyranny and anarchy: a history of democracy in Latin America, 1800-2006 - Drake, Paul W., ebrary, Inc 2009 (electronic resource)

        Book  Electronic resource

      10. Democracy in Latin America: (re)constructing political society - Garretón Merino, Manuel A, Newman, Edward, ebrary, Inc 2001 (electronic resource)

        Book  Electronic resource

      11. The third wave of democratization in Latin America: advances and setbacks - Hagopian, Frances, Mainwaring, Scott, MyiLibrary 2005 (electronic resource)

        Book  Electronic resource

      12. The third wave of democratization in Latin America: advances and setbacks - Hagopian, Frances, Mainwaring, Scott 2005

        Book 

      13. Models of democracy - Held, David 2006

        Book  Earlier editions available

      14. Democracy and human rights in Latin America - Hillman, Richard S., Peeler, John A., Cardozo da Silva, Elsa 2002

        Book 

      15. Constructing democracy: human rights, citizenship, and society in Latin America - Jelin, Elizabeth, Hershberg, Eric 1996

        Book 

      16. Transitional justice: how emerging democracies reckon with former regimes; Vol.1, General considerations - Kritz, Neil J. 1995

        Book  Volume 1: General considerations

      17. Transitional justice: how emerging democracies reckon with former regimes; Vol.2, Country studies - Kritz, Neil J. 1995

        Book  Volume 2: Country studies

      18. Transitional justice: how emerging democracies recko with former regimes; Vol.3; Laws, rulings, and reports - Kritz, Neil J. 1995

        Book  Volume 3: Laws, rulings, and reports

      19. Regimes and democracy in Latin America: theories and methods - Munck, Gerardo L., ebrary, Inc 2007 (electronic resource)

        Book  Electronic resource

      20. Regimes and democracy in Latin America: theories and methods - Munck, Gerardo L. 2007

        Book 

      21. Transitions from authoritarian rule: comparative perspectives - O'Donnell, Guillermo, Schmitter, Philippe C., Whitehead, Laurence, Wilson Center 1986

        Book 

      22. The Diffusion of Democracy, 1946-1994 - John O'Loughlin 1998

        Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

      23. Building democracy in Latin America - Peeler, John A. 2009

        Book  Earlier editions available

      24. Democracy in Latin America: surviving conflict and crisis? - Philip, George D. E. 2003

        Book 

      25. Democratization - Potter, David 1997

        Book 

      26. Democracy in Latin America: political change in comparative perspective - Peter H. Smith, Cameron J. Sells 2017

        Book 

    3. Military Regimes & Military Reform 11 items
      1. The New Military Autonomy in Latin America - Consuelo Cruz, Rut C. Diamint 1998

        Article  Print copy available

      2. The breakdown of democratic regimes: Latin America - Linz, Juan J., Stepan, Alfred 1978

        Book 

      3. The Politics of antipolitics: the military in Latin America - Loveman, Brian, Davies, Thomas M. 1989

        Book  Earlier edition available

      4. Generals in retreat: the crisis of military rule in Latin America - O'Brien, Philip, Cammack, Paul A., International Congress of Americanists 1985

        Book 

      5. Political Management of the Military in Latin America. - Pion-Berlin, David S. 2005

        Article  Electronic resource

      6. The military in South American politics - Philip, George D. E. 1985

        Book 

      7. Civil-military relations in Latin America: new analytical perspectives - Pion-Berlin, David 2001

        Book 

      8. Military rule in Latin America - Remmer, Karen L. 1991

        Book 

    4. US Intervention in Latin America: Cold War & Beyond 11 items
      1. The future of inter-American relations - Domínguez, Jorge I. 2000

        Book 

      2. Contemporary U.S.-Latin American relations: cooperation or conflict in the 21st century? - Domíngue, Jorge I., Fernández de Castro, Rafael, ebrary, Inc 2010 (electronic resource)

        Book  Electronic resource

      3. Contemporary U.S.-Latin American relations : cooperation or conflict in the 21st century? - Rafael Fernández de Castro, Jorge I Domíngue 2010

        Book 

      4. The last colonial massacre: Latin America in the Cold War - Grandin, Greg, ebrary, Inc 2011 (electronic resource)

        Book  Electronic resource

      5. The last colonial massacre: Latin America in the Cold War - Grandin, Greg 2004

        Book 

      6. Yankee no!: anti-Americanism in U.S.--Latin American relations - McPherson, Alan L., ebrary, Inc 2003 (electronic resource)

        Book  Electronic resource

      7. Yankee no!: anti-Americanism in U.S.-Latin American relations - McPherson, Alan L. 2003

        Book 

      8. Tracking the Origins of a State Terror Network: Operation Condor - J. Patrice McSherry 2002

        Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

      9. Mixed signals: U.S. human rights policy and Latin America - Sikkink, Kathryn 2004

        Book 

    5. International Dimension of Democratisation 13 items
      1. Promoting democracy and the rule of law: American and European strategies - Amichai A. Magen, Thomas Risse-Kappen, Michael McFaul 2009

        Book 

      2. Transforming Latin America: the international and domestic origins of change - Arceneaux, Craig L., Pion-Berlin, David 2005

        Book 

      3. Judicial reform and international legal technical assistance in Latin America - Javier Ciurlizza 2000

        Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

      4. The global transformations reader: an introduction to the globalization debate - Held, David, McGrew, Anthony G. 2003

        Book  Earlier edition available

      5. Latin America: the attack on democracy - Pilger, John 2008

        Article  Electronic resource

      6. The international dimensions of democratization: Europe and the Americas - Whitehead, Laurence 1996

        Book 

    6. Exile & Displaced Peoples 12 items
      1. Exile and the Politics of Exclusion in Latin America 2007

        Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

      2. Between Urgency and Strategy: Argentine Exiles in Paris, 1976-1983 - Marina Franco 2007

        Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

      3. Concluding Remarks: Exile and the Setting of Future Research Agendas - James N. Green 2007

        Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

      4. The Brazilian Exile Experience: Remaking Identities - Denise Rollemberg 2007

        Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

      5. Introduction: Exile and the Politics of Exclusion in Latin America - Luis Roniger, James N. Green 2007

        Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

      6. Political Exile in Latin America - Mario Sznajder, Luis Roniger 2007

        Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

      7. Legacy of Dictatorship: Works on the Chilean Diaspora - Thomas C. Wright 1995

        Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

      8. Chilean Political Exile - Thomas C. Wright, Rody Oñate Zúñiga 2007

        Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

    7. Civil Society, Social Movements 18 items
      1. Cultures of politics, politics of cultures: re-visioning Latin American social movements - Alvarez, Sonia E., Dagnino, Evelina, Escobar, Arturo 1998

        Book 

      2. The making of social movements in Latin America: identity, strategy and democracy - Escobar, Arturo, Alvarez, Sonia E. 1992

        Book 

      3. The politics of indigenous land rights Brazil - Georgia O. Carvalho 2000

        Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

      4. The power of identity - Castells, Manuel, ebrary, Inc 2010 (electronic resource)

        Book  Electronic resource

      5. The power of identity - Castells, Manuel 2010

        Book  Earlier editions available

      6. Civil society and the state in left-led Latin America: challenges and limitations to democratization - Cannon, Barry, Kirby, Peadar, ebrary, Inc 2012 (electronic resource)

        Book  Electronic resource

      7. Civil society and the state in left-led Latin America: challenges and limitations to democratization - Cannon, Barry, Kirby, Peadar 2012

        Book 

      8. Struggles for social rights in Latin America - Susan Eckstein, Timothy P. Wickham-Crowley, ProQuest (Firm) 2003 (electronic resource)

        Book 

      9. Struggles for social rights in Latin America - Eckstein, Susan, Wickham-Crowley, Timothy P. 2003

        Book 

      10. Power and popular protest: Latin American social movements - Eckstein, Susan, Garretón Merino, Manuel Antonio 2001

        Book  Earlier edition available

      11. Theorizing social movements - Foweraker, Joe 1995

        Book 

      12. Romancing Civil Society: European NGOs in Latin America - Jean Grugel 2000

        Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

      13. The Worker's Party and democratization in Brazil - Keck, Margaret E. 1992

        Book 

      14. Dispatches from Latin America: on the frontlines against neoliberalism - Ballvé, Teo, Prashad, Vijay 2006

        Book 

      15. Citizenship in Latin America - Tulchin, Joseph S., Ruthenburg, Meg, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars 2007

        Book 

      16. Women and social movements in Latin America: power from below - Stephen, Lynn, ebrary, Inc 1997 (electronic resource)

        Book  Electronic resource

      17. Women and social movements in Latin America: power from below - Stephen, Lynn 1997

        Book 

      18. Latin American Perspectives issue 2011

        Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available | Read "A Second Look at Latin American Social Movements: Globalizing Resistance to the Neoliberal Paradigm" and other articles on Venezuela, Ecuador, Argentina, Brazil and Mexico

    8. Human Rights & Persistence of Violence 36 items
      1. The Politics of Police Violence in Democratic Brazil - Ronald E. Ahnen 2008

        Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

      2. Crime and violence as development issues in Latin America and the Caribbean - Ayres, Robert L., World Bank 1998 (electronic resource)

        Book  Electronic resource

      3. The politics of memory: transitional justice in democratizing societies - Aguilar Fernández, Paloma, Brito, Alexandra Barahona de, González Enríquez, Carmen, ebrary, Inc 2001 (electronic resource)

        Book  Electronic resource

      4. The politics of memory: transitional justice in democratizing societies - Brito, Alexandra Barahona de, González Enríquez, Carmen, Aguilar Fernández, Paloma 2001

        Book 

      5. Human rights and democratization in Latin America: Uruguay and Chile - Barahona de Brito, Alexandra, ebrary, Inc 1997 (electronic resource)

        Book  Electronic resource

      6. Human rights and democratization in Latin America: Uruguay and Chile - Barahona de Brito, Alexandra 1997

        Book 

      7. Criminality, public security, and the challenge to democracy in Latin America - Bergman, Marcelo, Whitehead, Laurence, Helen Kellogg Institute for International Studies, ebrary, Inc 2009 (electronic resource)

        Book  Electronic resource

      8. Criminality, public security, and the challenge to democracy in Latin America - Bergman, Marcelo, Whitehead, Laurence, Helen Kellogg Institute for International Studies 2009

        Book 

      9. Guatemala, never again!: the official report of the Human Rights Office, Archdiocese of Guatemala - Catholic Church, Archdiocese of Guatemala, Oficina de Derechos Humanos 1999

        Book 

      10. Maras: gang violence and security in Central America - Thomas C. Bruneau, Lucía Dammert, Elizabeth Skinner, ebrary, Inc c2011 (electronic resource)

        Book 

      11. Human rights in international relations - Forsythe, David P., ebrary, Inc 2006 (electronic resource)

        Book  Electronic resource

      12. Human rights in international relations - Forsythe, David P. 2006

        Book  Earlier edition available

      13. Violent democracies in Latin America - Arias, Enrique Desmond, Goldstein, Daniel M., ebrary, Inc 2010 (electronic resource)

        Book  Electronic resource

      14. Violent democracies in Latin America - Arias, Enrique Desmond, Goldstein, Daniel M. 2010

        Book 

      15. Fighting for human rights - Gready, Paul 2004

        Book 

      16. Transitional justice: how emerging democracies reckon with former regimes; Vol.1, General considerations - Kritz, Neil J. 1995

        Book  Volume 1: General considerations

      17. Transitional justice: how emerging democracies reckon with former regimes; Vol.2, Country studies - Kritz, Neil J. 1995

        Book  Volume 2: Country studies

      18. Transitional justice: how emerging democracies reckon with former regimes; Vol.3; Laws, rulings, and reports - Kritz, Neil J. 1995

        Book  Volume 3: Laws, rulings, and reports

      19. International human rights and authoritarian rule in Chile - Hawkins, Darren G. 2002

        Book 

      20. Democracy and human rights in Latin America - Hillman, Richard S., Peeler, John A., Cardozo da Silva, Elsa 2002

        Book 

      21. Constructing democracy: human rights, citizenship, and society in Latin America - Jelin, Elizabeth, Hershberg, Eric 1996

        Book 

      22. Justice-Sector and Human Rights Reform under the Cardoso Government - Fiona Macaulay 2007

        Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

      23. The Impact of Human Rights Trials in Latin America - Kathryn Sikkink, Carrie Booth Walling 2007

        Article  Electronic resource

      24. Golpistas! Coups and democracy in the 21st century 2011

        Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

    9. Gender 20 items
      1. Engendering democracy in Brazil: women's movements in transition politics - Alvarez, Sonia E. 1990

        Book 

      2. Primaries vs. Quotas: Gender and Candidate Nominations in Mexico, 2003 - Lisa Baldez 2008

        Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

      3. Governability and Women's Citizenship - Mercedes Barquet, Sandra Osses 2005

        Article  Electronic resource

      4. Defining a Democracy: Reforming the Laws on Women's Rights in Chile, 1990-2002 - Merike H. Blofield Liesl Haas 2008

        Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

      5. Gender politics in Latin America: debates in theory and practice - Dore, Elizabeth 1997

        Book 

      6. Gender Quotas and Women's Substantive Representation: Lessons from Argentina - Susan Franceschet, Jennifer M. Piscopo 2008

        Article  Electronic resource

      7. Women and politics in Chile - Franceschet, Susan 2005

        Book 

      8. Re(gion)alizing Women's Human Rights in Latin America - Elisabeth Jay Friedman 2009

        Article  Electronic resource

      9. Electoral Gender Quotas: Lessons from Argentina and Chile - Tricia Gray 2003

        Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

      10. The Women's movement in Latin America: participation and democracy - Jaquette, Jane S. 1994

        Book  Earlier edition available

      11. The Women's movement in Latin America: feminism and the transition to democracy - Jaquette, Jane S. 1989

        Book  Later edition available

      12. Women and social change in Latin America - Jelin, Elizabeth, United Nations 1990

        Book 

      13. Women and politics in Latin America - Craske, Nikki 1999

        Book 

      14. Gender relations, authoritarianism and democratization in Chile - Ann Matear 1999

        Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

      15. "Viva": women and popular protest in Latin America - Radcliffe, Sarah A., Westwood, Sallie 1993

        Book 

      16. Violence and activism at the border: gender, fear, and everyday life in Ciudad Juarez - Staudt, Kathleen A. 2008

        Book 

      17. Gender, Citizenship, and the Politics of Identity - Lynn Stephen 2001

        Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

      18. Latin American women: compared figures - Valdés, Teresa, Gomáriz, Enrique 1995

        Book  Shelved in Statistics Collection

    10. Race & Indigenous Rights 15 items
      1. Indigenous Parties and Democracy in Latin America - Raúl L. Madrid 2008

        Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

      2. Dispatches from Latin America: on the frontlines against neoliberalism - Ballvé, Teo, Prashad, Vijay 2006

        Book  See the section on Indigenous Movements

      3. Multiculturalism in Latin America: indigenous rights, diversity and democracy - Sieder, Rachel 2002

        Book 

      4. Indigenous and peasant participation in resource governance in Bolivia and Peru - Almut Schilling-Vacaflor, David Vollrath

        Chapter 

      5. Racial revolutions: antiracism and Indian resurgence in Brazil - Warren, Jonathan W. 2001

        Book 

    11. The Re-Emergence of the Left in Latin America 18 items
      1. Explaining the rise of the left in Latin America - Blanco, Luisa, Robin Grier 2013

        Article  Electronic resource

      2. Hugo Chávez and the Bolivarian revolution: populism and democracy in a globalised age - Cannon, Barry, ebrary, Inc 2009 (electronic resource)

        Book  Electronic resource

      3. Hugo Chávez and the Bolivarian revolution: populism and democracy in a globalised age - Cannon, Barry 2009

        Book  Other version available

      4. Civil society and the state in left-led Latin America: challenges and limitations to democratization - Cannon, Barry, Kirby, Peadar, ebrary, Inc 2012 (electronic resource)

        Book  Electronic resource

      5. Civil society and the state in left-led Latin America: challenges and limitations to democratization - Cannon, Barry, Kirby, Peadar 2012

        Book 

      6. Confronting Hugo Chávez: United States "Democracy Promotion" in Latin America - Christopher I. Clement 2005

        Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

      7. Barrio Women and Popular Politics in Chávez's Venezuela - Sujatha Fernandes 2007

        Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

      8. Rewarding Lula: Executive Power, Social Policy, and the Brazilian Elections of 2006 - Wendy Hunter, Timothy J. Power 2007

        Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

      9. Making Democracy Work in Bolivia - Seth Kaplan 2006

        Article  Electronic resource

      10. Colombia's New Left and the Challenges of Security - J. Rochlin 2012

        Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

      11. Latin America's left turn and the new strategic landscape: the case of Bolivia - James Rochlin 2007

        Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

    12. Country Studies & Democratisation 78 items
      1. Chile 17 items
        1. The Transition to Democracy in Chile: A Model or an Exceptional Case? - Alan Angell 1993

          Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

        2. The politics of memory: transitional justice in democratizing societies - Aguilar Fernández, Paloma, Barahona de Brito, Alexandra, González Enríquez, Carmen, ebrary, Inc 2001 (electronic resource)

          Book  Electronic resource

        3. The politics of memory: transitional justice in democratizing societies - Barahona de Brito, Alexandra, González Enríquez, Carmen, Aguilar Fernández, Paloma 2001

          Book 

        4. Human rights and democratization in Latin America: Uruguay and Chile - Barahona de Brito, Alexandra, ebrary, Inc 1997 (electronic resource)

          Book  Electronic resource

        5. Human rights and democratization in Latin America: Uruguay and Chile - Barahona de Brito, Alexandra 1997

          Book 

        6. A nation of enemies: Chile under Pinochet - Constable, Pamela, Valenzuela, Arturo 1993

          Book 

        7. The struggle for democracy in Chile - Drake, Paul W., Jaksić, Iván 1995

          Book 

        8. The legacy of dictatorship: political, economic and social change in Pinochet's Chile - Angell, Alan, Pollack, Benny, University of Liverpool 1993

          Book 

        9. The Pinochet Case: A Catalyst for Deepening Democracy in Chile? - A. Matear

          Chapter 

      2. Cuba 17 items
        1. Cuba and its neighbours: democracy in motion - August, Arnold 2013

          Book 

        2. Cuba today and tomorrow: reinventing socialism - Azicri, Max 2000

          Book 

        3. The Cuban Revolution: years of promise - Babun, Teo A., Triay, Victor Andres 2005

          Book 

        4. The problem of democracy in Cuba: between vision and reality - Bengelsdorf, Carollee 1994

          Book 

        5. The Cuba reader: history, culture, politics - Chomsky, Aviva, Carr, Barry, Smorkaloff, Pamela María 2003

          Book 

        6. The origins of the Cuban Revolution reconsidered - Samuel Farber, ebrary, Inc c2006 (electronic resource)

          Book 

        7. The origins of the Cuban Revolution reconsidered - Farber, Samuel 2006

          Book 

        8. Cuba after Castro: legacies, challenges, and impediments - Gonzalez, Edward, McCarthy, Kevin F, ebrary, Inc 2004 (electronic resource)

          Book  Electronic resource

        9. Cuba: the contours of change - Purcell, Susan Kaufman, Rothkopf, David J. 2000

          Book 

        10. The Cuban Revolution: past, present, and future perspectives - Lievesley, Geraldine 2004

          Book 

        11. Democracy delayed: the case of Castro's Cuba - López, Juan J, ebrary, Inc 2002 (electronic resource)

          Book  Electronic resource

        12. Cuba: between reform and revolution - Pérez, Louis A. 2011

          Book  Earlier editions available

        13. The history of Cuba - Staten, Clifford L., ebrary, Inc 2003 (electronic resource)

          Book  Electronic resource

        14. The history of Cuba - Staten, Clifford L. 2005

          Book 

      3. Brazil 16 items
        1. Democratic Brazil revisited - Peter R. Kingstone, Timothy J. Power c2008

          Book 

        2. Democracy without equity: failures of reform in Brazil - Kurt Gerhard Weyland 1996

          Book 

        3. The deadlock of democracy in Brazil - Barry Ames, ebrary, Inc c2001 (electronic resource)

          Book 

        4. Insurgent citizenship: disjunctions of democracy and modernity in Brazil - James Holston c2008

          Book 

        5. The transformation of the workers' party in Brazil, 1989-2009 - Wendy Hunter 2010

          Book 

        6. Politics transformed: Lula and the Workers' Party in Brazil - Sue Branford, Bernardo Kucinski, Hilary Wainwright 2003

          Book 

        7. Brazil since 1985: politics, economy and society - Maria D'Alva G. Kinzo, James Dunkerley, University of London. Institute of Latin American Studies 2003

          Book 

        8. Brazil: the troubled rise of a global power - Michael Reid 2014

          Book 

        9. The politics of military rule in Brazil, 1964-85 - Thomas E. Skidmore 1988

          Book 

      4. Mexico 9 items
        1. Is Mexican democracy consolidated? - Steven Barracca 2004

          Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

        2. Mexico’s 2012 Elections: The Return of the PRI - G. Flores-Macias 2013

          Article  Print copy available

        3. Mexico's Stalled Peace Process: Prospects and Challenges - Nicholas P. Higgins 2001

          Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

        4. Mexico: democracy interrupted - Tuckman, Jo 2012

          Book 

        5. Comparing types of transitions: Spain and Mexico - Reynaldo Yunuen Ortega Ortíz 2000

          Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

      5. Colombia 9 items
        1. Institutions, Military Policy, and Human Rights in Colombia - William Avilés 2001

          Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

        2. Colombia's M-19 Democratic Alliance: A Case Study in New-Party Self-Destruction - Lawrence Boudon 2001

          Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

        3. Driven by drugs: US policy toward Colombia - Crandall, Russell 2008

          Book  Earlier edition available

        4. The FARC and the Colombian Left: Time for a Political Solution? - C. Lee 2012

          Article  Electronic resource | Print copy available

        5. Inside Colombia: drugs, democracy and war - Livingstone, Grace 2003

          Book 

        6. Colombia: fragmented land, divided society - Safford, Frank, Palacios, Marco 2002

          Book 

      6. Central America 10 items
        1. In the wake of war: democratization and internal armed conflict in Latin America - Cynthia Arnson 2012

          Book 

        2. Understanding Central America: global forces, rebellion, and change - John A. Booth, Christine J. Wade, Thomas W. Walker c2010

          Book 

        3. Maras: gang violence and security in Central America - Thomas C. Bruneau, Lucía Dammert, Elizabeth Skinner, ebrary, Inc c2011 (electronic resource)

          Book 

        4. Central America in the new millennium: living transition and reimagining democracy - Jennifer L. Burrell, Ellen Moodie 2013

          Book 

        5. Central America in the new millennium: living transition and reimagining democracy - Jennifer L. Burrell, Ellen Moodie, ebrary, Inc 2013 (electronic resource)

          Book 

        6. Globalization on the ground: postbellum Guatemalan democracy and development - Christopher K. Chase-Dunn, Susanne Jonas, Nelson Amaro c2001

          Book 

        7. The politics of modern Central America: civil war, democratization, and underdevelopment - Fabrice Edouard Lehoucq 2012

          Book 

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